The best permaculture walnut guild, and how to produce more food from a smaller area

Elderberry rose permaculture guild

A plant guild is a community of plants that grows well together. Synthesizing these conditions involves mimicking how plants grow in natural ecosystems. In forests, savannas, and prairies, some plants grow well together and influence each other positively, and some don't. When they don't have a beneficial impact on each other, plants can be either neutral or harmful to each other. But that's … [Read more...]

OUR TEETH AND OUR SOILS WM. A. ALBRECHT, A.B., B.S., M.S., PH.D. Department of Soils, College of Agriculture, University of Missouri

Black locust pioneer nitrogen fixing tree

From Annals of Dentistry,No. 6, 1947 OUR TEETH AND OUR SOILS WM. A. ALBRECHT, A.B., B.S., M.S., PH.D. Department of Soils, College of Agriculture, University of Missouri The knowledge about the human body and its many functions has been accumulating seemingly very slowly. The additions to our information have awaited the coming of each new science and the contributions by them in their … [Read more...]

“Food is fabricated soil fertility” by William A. Albrecht

William A. Albrecht soil scientist cation exchange capacity base saturation

Chapter 23 "Nutrition and Physical Degeneration" Weston A. Price:   FOOD IS FABRICATED SOIL FERTILITY by William A. Albrecht In chapter 20 I have discussed briefly Soil Depletion and Plant and Animal Deterioration. Dr. Albrecht has made new and important contributions to this field. He has graciously consented to my presenting here a condensed summary which he has provided. This address was … [Read more...]

Mulching fruit trees and shrubs for higher and better quality yields

Horse chestnut dead leaves and conkers

What is mulch and mulching? Mulch is a layer of material applied to the top of the area of soil. Mulch is, usually, used to converse moisture and improve the fertility and health of the soil. Some people also use mulching as a way to reduce weed growth as well as to enhance the visual appeal of the area. Mulch is usually but not exclusively organic in nature. It may be permanent (e.g. plastic … [Read more...]

The best way to eliminate snails and slugs from farms and gardens

How to get rid of snails and slugs in the garden

What is the best organic way to eliminate snails and slugs from the garden? beer traps? organic snail pellets? salt? copper tapes? only using tools made of copper? Well those would be good methods to control these annoying pests, but they have limitations. For example: organic granules that kill snails are not good for the soil. When I was using granules in my garden a year ago, … [Read more...]

Best nitrogen fixing tall trees for temperate climate

Black alder pioneer nitrogen fixing tree

Nitrogen is one of the more essential plant nutrients. Without sufficient nitrogen level in the soil, plants’ growth will be extremely slow. That's why the best pioneer plants that are being used in permaculture design are nitrogen fixing plants. But just because a certain plant is a nitrogen fixing plant, it doesn't ensure that it fixes nitrogen efficiently. That is why I decided to create a list … [Read more...]

Sea water and sea salt as organic fertilizer that makes healthy plants grow fast

Rose leaf after fertilizing it with sea water

You might be surprised to hear it, but some people use seawater as a... fertilizer. I know you might think that's crazy, because seawater contains a lot of salt (sodium chloride). Well, that's true. But that's not the only ingredient! Seawater chemical composition. What elements and minerals are there in the seawater? Sea water contains many different elements. In fact, most of the naturally … [Read more...]